POST OPERATIVE FUNCTIONAL OUTCOME FOR ANORECTAL MALFORMATIONS IN INFANT AND CHILDREN IN ERBIL
The Medical Journal of Basrah University,
2020, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 109-114
Background/aims: Outcomes of anorectal malformations have greatly improved but many children still experience some form of urinary or fecal incontinence despite optimal management. The aim is to evaluate the functional outcome in infants with anorectal malformation for different surgical procedure including traditional and recent operations and outcome for different type of anorectal malformation.
Subjects and Methods : An analytical study include 28 cases of anorectal malformation (16 males and 12 females ) operated by different technique in Erbil city during 2010 - 2016. Cases of cloaca and early deaths were excluded from the study.
Results : In male Rectoperineal fistula (25% ) and in female Rectovestibular fistula (25% ) were the most common anomalies. the most common procedure were primary anorectoplasty for perineal fistula in both male and female infants in 10 cases ( 35.71% ) followed by transfistula anorectoplasty for rectovaginal fistula in 7 cases (25%) and PSARP for rectobladder neck and urethral fistula for male infants in 6 cases. The most common functional complication was constipation in 2 (7.15%) cases and only one case (3.57%) developed fecal incontinence . 89.29 percent of the patients had voluntary bowel movements and were totally continent.
Conclusion : Despite significant developments in the understanding of the pathophysiology and surgical techniques, the results of surgery of ARM remain far from perfect. An optimal operation restores normal anatomy and preserves all potential sphincter structures. Functional complications, especially treatable ones, such as constipation, should be detected and treated early to achieve an optimal outcome.
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