Keywords : Down Syndrome
Congenital heart diseases among patients with Down syndrome consulting cardiology unite in Alsader Teaching Hospital in Basrah
The Medical Journal of Basrah University,
Volume 35, Issue 1, Pages 11-16
Aim of the study: This study is aimed to assess the types and the frequency of congenital heart disease among patients with Down syndrome (DS).
Patients & methods: Sixty-five patients with DS collected from echocardiographic department in Basrah cardiology center at Alsader Teaching Hospital and a private clinic were evaluated by echocardiography from February 2009 to August 2013.
Results: Their ages range from 6 months to 25 year. Of 65 patients with DS diagnosed clinically, 89% have CHD and 11% have normal heart. Most of the cases were isolated congenital heart disease (CHD).Ventricular septal defect (VSD), pulmonic stenosis (PS) and atrial septal defect (ASD) were the commonest isolated CHD respectively while tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) and single ventricle was the commonest complex CHD in DS.
Conclusion: This study had concluded that CHD are common in DS and most of the cases are amenable for surgical corrections.