Keywords : Time trend

The dynamics of COVID-19 epidemic in Basrah province-Second report

Omran Habib; Haider Jassim; Wael Jasimy Al-Shihaby; Mustafa AR Mohamed

The Medical Journal of Basrah University, 2020, Volume 38, Issue 1, Pages 19-28
DOI: 10.33762/mjbu.2020.127210.1019

Background: COVID-19 pandemic still expanding across the world and continuing at modest pattern In Basrah.
Objective: To further elaborate on COVID-19 epidemic in Basrah province and document the changing dynamic of the disease.
Methods: two sources were used for obtaining data in this study. The first is an excel sheet containing information on 736 cases covering age, gender, residence, travel history, comorbidity and fate, which is obtained from The Department of Public Health in Basrah. The second is the daily numbers of new cases (also 736) obtained from the daily communiqué of the Ministry of Health. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS-version 20) and Excel programmes were used for statistical analysis.
Results: The mean age was 35.5±18.9 (for males=35.6+19.0 and for females=35.5±18.8), the median was 34 years (males =34 and females =33). The incidence rate was higher in older age groups, females and three districts (Basrah city, Al-Hartha and Al-Mdaina). The case fatality was within the international figures and significantly predicted by older age, travel history and presence of co-morbidity. The epidemic curve is moderate, fluctuant and does not help yet in predicting an exit from the epidemic.
Conclusion: The epidemic of COVID-19 in Basrah is moderate, cluster in transmission and changing in time but is unpredictable.
Key words: COVID-19, Case fatality ratio, incidence rate

Gastrointestinal tract cancer in Basrah: time, place and histopathological characteristics

Seenaa S. Meziad; Sarkis K. Strak; Omran S. Habib

The Medical Journal of Basrah University, 2014, Volume 32, Issue 2, Pages 55-62
DOI: 10.33762/mjbu.2014.103860

Background: This is a cancer registry- based study carried out in Basrah to analyze the pattern of gastrointestinal tract malignant diseases over a period of seven years (2005-2011 inclusive). The study is in line with the work of Basrah Cancer Research Group to quantify cancer in Basrah governorate.
Objectives: To describe the time trend, spatial distribution and histopathological types of gastrointestinal tract cancers in Basrah governorate over the years 2005-2011.
Methods: The data used in the study were based on all new malignant cases which were diagnosed, treated and registered in Basrah cancer registration units. A total of 1601 new cases could be identified. Of these 1123 cases were from the inhabitants of Basrah governorate. The rest were from other Iraqi governorates.
Results: Analysis of cases from Basrah indicated an overall annual incidence rate of gastrointestinal malignant diseases of 6.87 per 100000 population with very little variation with the passage of time from 2005 to 2011. Great variation in the district specific incidence rates was found with Basrah city centre and Shatt Al-Arab districts having the highest incidence rates (8.28 and 8.62 per 100000 population. Other districts have lower incidence rates: north of Basrah (5.59), West of Basrah (4.24) and south of Basrah (4.53). Histopathologically, four types represented 94.2% of total registered cases. Adenocarcinoma was the commonest cancer representing 71.8% followed by Squamous cell carcinoma (12.8%), Non-Hodgkins lymphoma (7.6%) and undifferentiated carcinoma (3.0%).
Conclusions: Gastrointestinal tract cancer represented one of the major cancer groups in Basrah and deserves more care regarding prevention, early detection and treatment and research.
Key words: Cancer, Basrah, Incidence, Time trend, place distribution