Keywords : cancer

Cancer Mortality in Basrah: A household Survey Results

Riyadh AA Al-Hilfi; Omran S. Habib

The Medical Journal of Basrah University, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 1, Pages 10-16
DOI: 10.33762/mjbu.2015.103869

Background: This paper presents some data on cancer related mortality in Basrah governorate during the period 2010-2012 as part of a comprehensive household survey carried out during 2013 to document the extent of cancer and validate the official cancer registration.
Objective: The main objective is to present data on cancer mortality in Basrah governorate
Method: The study involved visiting 6999 households (families) who were interviewed on, among other aspects, incident cancer and mortality due to cancer during the three-year recall period.
Results: A total of 6999 households (families) with 40688 inhabitants were successfully visited and data were collected and analyzed about their cancer experience. Eighty three persons died with cancer during 2010-2012 giving an average annual cancer specific mortality rate of 68.0 per 100000 persons. The mortality rate was higher for females (71.49 per 100000 females) as compared to males (64.61 per 100000 males) and was increasing with advancing age. The leading causes of mortality were cancers of the lung, breast, urinary bladder and colon-rectum. These four cancers accounted for almost half the deaths (49.4%) or 33.6 per 100000 of the population. Within the overall pattern of mortality in the population, cancer came in the 2nd rank after cardiovascular disease.
Conclusion: Cancer is an important contributor to mortality in Basrah governorate. The current level of mortality is higher than any previously reported figures.

Gastrointestinal tract cancer in Basrah: time, place and histopathological characteristics

Seenaa S. Meziad; Sarkis K. Strak; Omran S. Habib

The Medical Journal of Basrah University, 2014, Volume 32, Issue 2, Pages 55-62
DOI: 10.33762/mjbu.2014.103860

Background: This is a cancer registry- based study carried out in Basrah to analyze the pattern of gastrointestinal tract malignant diseases over a period of seven years (2005-2011 inclusive). The study is in line with the work of Basrah Cancer Research Group to quantify cancer in Basrah governorate.
Objectives: To describe the time trend, spatial distribution and histopathological types of gastrointestinal tract cancers in Basrah governorate over the years 2005-2011.
Methods: The data used in the study were based on all new malignant cases which were diagnosed, treated and registered in Basrah cancer registration units. A total of 1601 new cases could be identified. Of these 1123 cases were from the inhabitants of Basrah governorate. The rest were from other Iraqi governorates.
Results: Analysis of cases from Basrah indicated an overall annual incidence rate of gastrointestinal malignant diseases of 6.87 per 100000 population with very little variation with the passage of time from 2005 to 2011. Great variation in the district specific incidence rates was found with Basrah city centre and Shatt Al-Arab districts having the highest incidence rates (8.28 and 8.62 per 100000 population. Other districts have lower incidence rates: north of Basrah (5.59), West of Basrah (4.24) and south of Basrah (4.53). Histopathologically, four types represented 94.2% of total registered cases. Adenocarcinoma was the commonest cancer representing 71.8% followed by Squamous cell carcinoma (12.8%), Non-Hodgkins lymphoma (7.6%) and undifferentiated carcinoma (3.0%).
Conclusions: Gastrointestinal tract cancer represented one of the major cancer groups in Basrah and deserves more care regarding prevention, early detection and treatment and research.
Key words: Cancer, Basrah, Incidence, Time trend, place distribution