Keywords : Knowledge

Knowledge and practice of adults attending primary health care centers regarding major coronary heart disease risk factors in Basrah city

Jhood Abdul Samad Molan; Narjis Ajeel

The Medical Journal of Basrah University, 2020, Volume 38, Issue 1, Pages 89-99
DOI: 10.33762/mjbu.2020.165441

Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are common in the general population, affecting the majority of adults past the age of 60 years. The prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD) is approximately one-third to one-half that of total CVD. Knowledge of CHD risk factors has been identified as a prerequisite for changes in behavior and is often targeted by prevention programs.
Objective: The study aimed to study the knowledge of risk factors and the practice of CHD related behaviors among individuals > 18 years of age attending PHC centers in Basrah city center and to find out the sociodemographic factors that affect such knowledge and practice.
Methods: The study involved 423 male and female aged 18 years and above, attending 6 primary health care centers in Basrah city. Data were collected through direct interview of the participants by the investigators, using a special questionnaire form prepared for the purpose of the study.
Results: The results of the study showed that 77.3% of the participants had good level of knowledge (know at least 7 risk factors).  The most common knowledgeable risk factors by the participants were stress, smoking, fatty diet and obesity in descending order. Older age groups, high educated persons, governmental employees and participants with history of coronary heart disease related illness were more likely to have higher knowledge score. Practicing diet modification and regular exercise were prevalent in 23.5% and 12.8% of the participants respectively.
Conclusions: The knowledge level of risk factors for CHD in selected PHC centers in Basrah seems to be good, however, the practice of CHD preventive behaviors was quite poor, this necessitates the need for public health education programs.

Pattern of knowledge and attitude of women in reproductive age group about Caesarean Section in Basrah city

Rasha A A. Al-Timari

The Medical Journal of Basrah University, 2018, Volume 36, Issue 1, Pages 1-6
DOI: 10.33762/mjbu.2018.144944

Background: Caesarean section is increasing as a means of delivery. A decision on this choice need to be joint among doctors, women and others. An appropriate decision will be facilitated with good knowledge of women about this operation.
Objectives: To assess the knowledge and attitude of women in the reproductive age about Caesarean Section.
Methods: This is a descriptive cross sectional study carried out in Basrah city among women in the reproductive age group who visited two primary health centers(Al-Razi and Al-Seef centers). The study involved 242 women with age range from 15-45 years,
Results: History of one or more Caesarean Section was reported by 35.5%. The results of study showed that all the women involved in this study heard about Caesarean Section and a good number of them had an idea about the effect of Caesarean Section on the number of children, the possibility of vaginal delivery after first Caesarean Section and about some chronic diseases (hypertension and diabetes) which might increase the prospect of Caesarean Section. Majority of participants preferred normal vaginal delivery because of rapid recovery and less complication than Caesarean Section.
Conclusions: Caesarean section is a prevailing practice in Basrah city. Women had good knowledge about it but in general they prefer normal vaginal delivery.