Keywords : Hoffer’s procedure


Split tibialis anterior tendon transfer to treat ambulatory children with spastic cerebral palsy who experienced dynamic equino varus deformity

Zmnako Amen; Omer Ali Rafiq

The Medical Journal of Basrah University, 2021, Volume 39, Issue 1, Pages 31-36
DOI: 10.33762/mjbu.2021.128592.1040

Background: Treatment of ambulatory children with spastic cerebral palsy complaining from dynamic equino varus deformity by split tibialis anterior tendon transfer (STATT), because over activity of tibialis anterior muscle and weak antagonist muscles are the main cause of the deformity.
Aim: The purpose of this study is to assess the postoperative results of split tibialis anterior tendon transfer, according to Garceau and Palmer criteria.
Patients and Methods: 13 feet in 13 ambulatory children with spastic cerebral palsy complaining from dynamic equino varus deformity, preoperatively 7 of the fair,6 of them were poor, while postoperatively 2 of them became excellent,10 of them good and 1 of the fair.
Results: The result of this prospective case series study assessed by using Garceau and Palmer criteria.
Conclusion: Split tibialis anterior tendon transfer, is a good method for treating ambulatory children with spastic cerebral palsy complaining of dynamic equinovarus deformity of the forefoot and midfoot which is due to overactivity of tibialis anterior muscle and weak antagonists.
Keywords: Dynamic equinovarus foot deformity; Split tibialis anterior tendon transfer; Hoffer’s procedure; and Garceau & Palmer criteria.