Print ISSN: 0253-0759

Online ISSN: 2413-4414

Author : Kadhim Al- Jaferi, Nehad


Nutritional risk factors for acute lower respiratory tract infection among infants and children 2-‎‎60 months old in Basra, Southern Iraq

Nehad Kadhim Al- Jaferi; ad Kadhum Hassan; Mea

The Medical Journal of Basrah University, Volume 32, Issue 1, Pages 30-36
DOI: 10.33762/mjbu.2014.94507

Objectives: A case-control study was carried out to identify nutritional risk factors for acute lower respiratory tract infections among infants and children ‎under 5 years.‎
Methods: Children who have been admitted to the pediatric wards at Basra Maternity and Children Hospital and those who have visited Al-Razie Primary ‎Health Center over the period from the 4th of November 2007 till the end of May 2008 were recruited. A total of 110 patients with pneumonia according to the ‎WHO criteria and 207 apparently healthy infants and children, their age ranged from 2 months-5 years were included. ‎
Results: The study has revealed that formula feeding in early life, duration of breast feeding of less than 6 months, time of introduction of weaning foods ‎before 6 months, anemia, rickets and malnutrition are significant risk factors for acute lower respiratory tract infection. In addition, a significant correlation ‎was found between the severity of the acute lower respiratory tract infection and rickets, malnutrition, serum calcium level, and hemoglobin level
Conclusion: Presence of anemia, rickets and malnutrition are significant risk factors for acute lower respiratory tract ‎infections and also for a more severe disease.‎